Exceptional strengthening of biodegradable Mg-Zn-Ca alloys through high pressure torsion and subsequent heat treatment

Author(s)
Jelena Horky, Abdul Ghaffar, Katharina Werbach, Bernhard Mingler, Stefan Pogatscher, Robin Schäublin, Daria Setman, Peter J. Uggowitzer, Jörg F. Löffler, Michael J. Zehetbauer
Abstract

In this study, two biodegradable Mg-Zn-Ca alloys with alloy content of less than 1 wt % were strengthened via high pressure torsion (HPT). A subsequent heat treatment at temperatures of around 0.45 Tm led to an additional, sometimes even larger increase in both hardness and tensile strength. A hardness of more than 110 HV and tensile strength of more than 300 MPa were achieved in Mg-0.2Zn-0.5Ca by this procedure. Microstructural analyses were conducted by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM, respectively) and atom probe tomography (APT) to reveal the origin of this strength increase. They indicated a grain size in the sub-micron range, Ca-rich precipitates, and segregation of the alloying elements at the grain boundaries after HPT-processing. While the grain size and segregation remained mostly unchanged during the heat treatment, the size and density of the precipitates increased slightly. However, estimates with an Orowan-type equation showed that precipitation hardening cannot account for the strength increase observed. Instead, the high concentration of vacancies after HPT-processing is thought to lead to the formation of vacancy agglomerates and dislocation loops in the basal plane, where they represent particularly strong obstacles to dislocation movement, thus, accounting for the considerable strength increase observed. This idea is substantiated by theoretical considerations and quenching experiments, which also show an increase in hardness when the same heat treatment is applied.

Organisation(s)
Physics of Nanostructured Materials
External organisation(s)
Austrian Institute of Technology, Government College University Lahore, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich, Montanuniversität Leoben
Journal
Materials
Volume
12
No. of pages
18
ISSN
1996-1944
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12152460
Publication date
08-2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
205019 Material sciences, 103018 Materials physics
Keywords
ASJC Scopus subject areas
Materials Science(all)
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/exceptional-strengthening-of-biodegradable-mgznca-alloys-through-high-pressure-torsion-and-subsequent-heat-treatment(50a09e03-453d-4129-9839-0575fe1ed9b2).html